The diamond itself, is one of the most significant highest rated value and one of the most popular gemstone.
It is one of the hardest precious stones available in nature. Its colour and visibility are perfect. The diamond's refraction and light scattering are at such a high level, that has drawn the attention at the highest segments of the society for long years.
Obviously every diamond is particular, however the most valuable pieces are those ones which hold a combination of the best qualifications in terms of colour, size, cut and quality.
Therfore the 4 most important caracters are: CARAT, CUT, COLOUR, QUALITY. Consequently the better qualifications one stone holds the higher value can be realised. We have to be aware of the required qualifications when it comes to select one specific stone. When we make a decision about the budget of spending for one single stone, we have to make an effort to reach the best quality and color even if the carat size is smaller. Therefore the 2 most important considerations are the carat weight and the colour of the stone, however the quality can also be as important resulting of course in a higher price. In conclusion we need to decide about the most important considerations when we come to select amongst diamond pieces. Obviously the combination of considerations has to be in perfect harmony with our requirements and personal taste. As there are 2 equal diamonds existing, we have to be aware that our piece will be one in a kind and unique. Consequently we advise you to consult with gemstone experts prior to making a selection in order to find the best piece for your personal requirements.
THE CARAT WEIGHT
The carat is such a unit, that refers to the weight of the diamond: 1,0 carat is equal to 0,20 gramms.
Polishing and cutting of the diamonds gradually increase the values of the stone. Cutting contains the quality as well as the methods. There is a difference between old and modern cutting. Mostly antique jewelery pieces contain old cut diamonds of which value is lower than modern cut pieces. We are aware of several cutting methods, however the most popular is the brilliant cut.
The further chart contains the most popular and, widely known cutting methods.
The colour of the diamond refers to such a scale, which defines how colorless the diamond is. The real white colour is considered the best and the most valuable as it contains less discolourations. The more discolourations one stone has the color tends to be more gray and yellowish. This is the consequence of natural pollutions included in the stone in the course of several million years. Therefore an interesting caracter of the gemstones is the level of pollution and inclusions occurred in the diamond resulting in extremely rare colours. It may happen that some highly "polluted" vivid colour stones can be more valuable than white diamonds. The most beautifull and most valuable pieces tend to blueish colours in spite of the avilibility of sevelar colourful diamonds the most popular and sought after pieces are white diamonds.
Every diamond is different and unique. The quality of the diamond can be influenced by several internal, external factors. External factors contain surface deffaults like crashes, wholes, cutting tracks. Internal deffaults contain different kinds of inclusions like dark, black incluslions or white inclusions such as marks. The quantity, size and the loccation of inclusions may influence the quality of the stone, therefore its price. The less inclusions and deffaults the stone has got, the higher value it represents. The quality of the diamonds is examined under microscope, consequently some deffaults can not be noticed only by special equipment. The following chart contains of such deffaults that can be noticed without special equipment.
|FL||FLAWLESS||TELJESEN HIBÁTLAN, ZÁRVÁNY MENTES NAGYON RITKA 1 AZ 5000-BŐL|
|IF||INTERNALLY FLAWLESS||TELJESEN ZÁRVÁNY MENTES, CSAK PICI FOLTOK FORDULNAK ELŐ, AZ ÉKSZERGYÉMÁNTOK MINTEGY 3% ÉRI CSAK EL EZT A MINŐSÍTÉST.|
|VVSI1||VERY VERY SLIGHTLY INCLUDED 1||NEHEZEN ÉSZREVEHETŐ PICI ZÁRVÁNYOK VAGY HIBÁK A KŐ KÖZEPE FELÉ|
|VVSI2||VERY VERY SLIGHTLY INCLUDED 2||NEHEZEN ÉSZREVEHETŐ PICI ZÁRVÁNYOK VAGY HIBÁK A KŐ KÖZEPE FELÉ|
|VSI1||VERY SLIGHTLY INCLUDED 1||PICI ZÁRVÁNYOK VAGY HIBÁK LÁTHATÓAK TÍZSZERES NAGYÍTÁS ALATT A KŐ SZÉLEI FELÉ|
|VSI2||VERY SLIGHTLY INCLUDED 2||PICI ZÁRVÁNYOK VAGY HIBÁK LÁTHATÓAK TÍZSZERES NAGYÍTÁS ALATT A KŐ SZÉLEI FELÉ|
|SI1||SLIGHTLY INCLUDED 1||PICI ZÁRVÁNYOK VAGY HIBÁK AMIK MÉG NEM LÁTHATÓAK SZABADSZEMMEL|
|SI2||SLIGHTLY INCLUDED 2||ERŐS FIGYELEM MELLETT MÁR SZABADSZEMMEL LÁTHATÓ ZÁRVÁNYOK VAGY HIBÁK|
|I1||INCLUDED 1||SZABADSZEMMEL LÁTHATÓ ZÁRVÁNYOK ÉS HIBÁK|
|I2||INCLUDED 2||SZABADSZEMMEL LÁTHATÓ NAGYOBB HIBÁK ÉS ZÁRVÁNYOK|
|I3||INCLUDED 3||SZABADSZEMMEL LÁTHATÓAN NAGYON ZÁRVÁNYOS ÉS HIBÁS|